Climate finance in the agriculture and land use sector – global and regional trends between 2000 and 2018
Climate finance is a fundamental element of the global development agenda and has been accelerating in recent years. Yet between 2000 and 2018 the share of global climate finance in the agriculture and land-use sector has decreased, passing from an average of 45 percent of the total flows at the beginning of the millennium, to 24 percent in 2013 where it has since stayed. The total sum of contributions to the agriculture and land-use sector between 2000 and 2018 amounted to USD 122 billion, representing 26 percent of the global climate finance flows to all sectors.
This report aims to increase the understanding of the climate finance trends in the agriculture and land-use sector at the global and regional scales, providing insights for UN agencies, international finance institutions, national governments of both donor and recipient countries, and governmental and non-governmental stakeholders. By looking at the main features of climate finance, including the source and geographical destination of resources, climate objectives, and gender sensitivity, the analysis establishes the key trends in the agriculture and land-use sector in the period 2000- 2018. In addition, it identifies gaps that may affect the stagnated trend relative to other sectors. This study focuses on the quantitative analysis of data available in the climate-related development finance database of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC). The further qualitative analysis could build on this work to research the different trends that influence climate finance distribution.