Agribusiness Public-Private Partnerships – A country report of the United Republic of Tanzania

This paper appraises the development of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) in the United Republic of Tanzania in terms of trends, policies and programmes. The original study selected four PPP ventures in the country, namely, at the Kibaha Sugarcane Research Institute; the Tanzania Agrodealer Sup- port Program; the Tea Research Institute of Tanzania (tea research programme); and private forestry. In each case study, characterization, development, management and operation, and future developmental outcomes of the PPPs were specifically assessed.

The methodology employed includes interviews with key informants and questionnaires. Findings show that all PPPs assessed were established to address inefficiencies that existed in the previ- ous system of service delivery and the dissatisfaction experienced by beneficiaries. The old system was unable to attain the desired goals of providing better research and extension services; better and timely input to meet the expectations of stakeholders; and the overall goal of increasing farmers’ and producers’ incomes from agricultural and forest production systems. Moreover, research and extension services were provided by the Government of Tanzania, which found it more and more difficult to meet its financial obligations in support of these ventures.

After the establishment of PPP arrangements, particularly in the tea sector, service delivery improved considerably, resulting in the establishment of similar PPPs for other crops such as coffee, when the Tanzania Coffee Research Institute (TaCRI) came into being. It is therefore recommended that PPPs be established in areas where service delivery is purely public, and where other stakeholders are ready to contribute for the mutual benefit of the industry and the sector in general.

This study explores the status, arrangements and operation of specific agribusiness PPPs in the United Republic of Tanzania, focusing on those that are ongoing and relatively advanced.

The purpose of this study in the United Republic of Tanzania was to:

  • ƒappraise the national development context, trends and policies as influencing the rel- evance of and need for agribusiness PPPs;
  • ƒ characterize and appraise four specific agri- business PPPs;
  • ƒ gain insight on and draw lessons from chal- lenges and specific issues to be considered in the development and implementation of agribusiness PPPs; and
  • ƒ prepare a country report on agribusiness PPPs.

The main objectives of the study were to: ƒ

  • characterize PPP arrangements; ƒ
  • assess the development of PPP arrangements; ƒ
  • assess the management and operation of PPP
  • arrangements; and ƒ assess the performance and development out-
  • comes of the PPPs.

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